"BACKGROUND: The systemic use of combined amoxicillin and metronidazole (AMX\/MET) as an adjunctive treatment to full-mouth scaling and root planing (FMSRP) has been proposed for the treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis; however, its effectiveness and clinical safety remain to be defined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness of FMSRP + AMX\/MET compared to FMSRP alone.. . METHODS: An electronic search of eight databases and a hand-search of 10 international dental journals were conducted through September 11, 2011. Gain in clinical attachment level (CAL), reduction in probing depth (PD), secondary outcomes, and adverse events were analyzed. A random-effect model was used to pool the extracted data. The weighted mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for continuous outcomes, whereas risk difference (RD) with 95% CI was used for dichotomous data; heterogeneity was assessed with the χ(2)-based Cochran Q test and I(2) statistic. The level of significance was set at P <0.05.. . RESULTS: After the selection process, six randomized clinical trials were included. Results of the meta-analysis showed significant CAL gain (MD, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.61; P <0.05) and PD reduction (MD, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.77; P <0.05) in favor of FMSRP + AMX\/MET; moreover, no significant RD was found in the occurrence of adverse events (RD, 0.01; 95% CI, -0.02 to 0.04; P >0.05).. . CONCLUSION: The findings of the meta-analysis seem to support the effectiveness and the clinical safety of FMSRP + AMX\/MET; however, future studies are needed to confirm these results.. . "

Effectiveness of Systemic Amoxicillin/Metronidazole as an Adjunctive Therapy to Full-Mouth Scaling and Root Planing in the Treatment of Aggressive Periodontitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

GATTO, ROBERTO;MONACO, ANNALISA
2012-01-01

Abstract

"BACKGROUND: The systemic use of combined amoxicillin and metronidazole (AMX\/MET) as an adjunctive treatment to full-mouth scaling and root planing (FMSRP) has been proposed for the treatment of generalized aggressive periodontitis; however, its effectiveness and clinical safety remain to be defined. The purpose of the present meta-analysis is to assess the effectiveness of FMSRP + AMX\/MET compared to FMSRP alone.. . METHODS: An electronic search of eight databases and a hand-search of 10 international dental journals were conducted through September 11, 2011. Gain in clinical attachment level (CAL), reduction in probing depth (PD), secondary outcomes, and adverse events were analyzed. A random-effect model was used to pool the extracted data. The weighted mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for continuous outcomes, whereas risk difference (RD) with 95% CI was used for dichotomous data; heterogeneity was assessed with the χ(2)-based Cochran Q test and I(2) statistic. The level of significance was set at P <0.05.. . RESULTS: After the selection process, six randomized clinical trials were included. Results of the meta-analysis showed significant CAL gain (MD, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.23 to 0.61; P <0.05) and PD reduction (MD, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.39 to 0.77; P <0.05) in favor of FMSRP + AMX\/MET; moreover, no significant RD was found in the occurrence of adverse events (RD, 0.01; 95% CI, -0.02 to 0.04; P >0.05).. . CONCLUSION: The findings of the meta-analysis seem to support the effectiveness and the clinical safety of FMSRP + AMX\/MET; however, future studies are needed to confirm these results.. . "
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/89684
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