In optical networks, regenerators have to be placed on lightpaths every d consecutive. nodes in order to regenerate the signal. In addition, grooming enables the use of the. same regenerator by several lightpaths. Up to g (the grooming factor) lightpaths can. use the same regenerator. In this work we consider the problem of minimizing the. number of regenerators used in traffic grooming in optical networks. Starting from the. 4-approximation algorithm of Flammini et al. (2010)  for d = 1 and a path topology,. we provide an approximation algorithm with the same approximation ratio for d = 1. and the ring and tree topologies. We present also a technique based on matching that leads. to the same approximation ratio in tree topology and can be used to obtain approximation. algorithms in other topologies. We provide an approximation algorithm for general topology. that uses this technique. Finally, all the results are extended to the case of general d.
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