Although several workers have described numerous changes affecting the hemopoietic system during senescence, the existence of univocal "hematological disease" closely related to the elderly is controversial. Many of the hematological changes described, such as sideropenic or megaloblastic anemia, are frequently the consequence of the different pathological conditions which often affect elderly patients. This review will consider the most important alterations of hemopoiesis and coagulation in the elderly, the causes capable of influencing hematological changes in old people, and their pathogenesis. Some of the major diagnostic problems encountered in the management of elderly subjects with hematological changes are also addressed. In the presence of an elderly patient with hematological alteration, it is necessary to follow a precise diagnostic schedule, which should first of all exclude the presence of a primary hematological disorder, and consider the different extrahematological conditions which frequently occur in elderly subjects (malignancies, malnutrition, chronic infections from immunological abnormalities, hormonal changes, deficiencies of various organs and systems etc.) and are responsible for many different hematological changes. These must be tackled rationally so that treatment may not only be symptomatic, but may also directly intervene on the cause of the disorder.

The effect of age on hemopoiesis

GINALDI, Lia;DE MARTINIS, MASSIMO MARIA MARCELLO
1996

Abstract

Although several workers have described numerous changes affecting the hemopoietic system during senescence, the existence of univocal "hematological disease" closely related to the elderly is controversial. Many of the hematological changes described, such as sideropenic or megaloblastic anemia, are frequently the consequence of the different pathological conditions which often affect elderly patients. This review will consider the most important alterations of hemopoiesis and coagulation in the elderly, the causes capable of influencing hematological changes in old people, and their pathogenesis. Some of the major diagnostic problems encountered in the management of elderly subjects with hematological changes are also addressed. In the presence of an elderly patient with hematological alteration, it is necessary to follow a precise diagnostic schedule, which should first of all exclude the presence of a primary hematological disorder, and consider the different extrahematological conditions which frequently occur in elderly subjects (malignancies, malnutrition, chronic infections from immunological abnormalities, hormonal changes, deficiencies of various organs and systems etc.) and are responsible for many different hematological changes. These must be tackled rationally so that treatment may not only be symptomatic, but may also directly intervene on the cause of the disorder.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/9272
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact