Coronary artery endothelial and myocardial ultrastructure was studied in guinea-pig heart-lung preparations (HLP) subjected to ischemic cardiac arrest induced by three hypothermic solutions. Two of the solutions used had high potassium chloride concentration ("Alabama" and "St. Thomas") while the third, instead, was a bicarbonate buffer (Kreb's solution). Five experimental groups were studied. In group 1 (control) the HLP were not subjected to cardiac arrest. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were subjected to a period of cardiac arrest of 30, 60, and 120 minutes respectively. In group 5, HLP were reperfused with blood for 30 minutes after 60 minutes of cardiac arrest. A thin ring of the left anterior descending coronary artery and myocardial fragments were obtained at the end of each experiment and were analyzed by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Functional parameters were recorded in group 5. HLP perfused with Alabama solution showed a well-preserved endothelium and myocardium. HLP perfused with Krebs solution showed slight changes of the endothelial glycocalix only in group 4. Further, HLP perfused with Krebs solution showed extensive myocardial lesions (groups 3 and 4). These ischemic changes were not completely reversed after reperfusion (group 5). HLP perfused with St. Thomas solution showed only endothelial changes. These lesions were mainly characterized by: disappearance of the glycocalix and pynocytotic vesicles, endothelial cell bulging (group 2), and loss of the endothelial continuity (groups 3, 4, and 5). Hemodynamic parameters were significantly changed only in the Krebs-perfused HLP which showed a deterioration of the cardiac function related to the ischemic damage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Ultrastructural changes of coronary artery endothelium induced by cardioplegic solutions

MACCHIARELLI, GUIDO;
1989

Abstract

Coronary artery endothelial and myocardial ultrastructure was studied in guinea-pig heart-lung preparations (HLP) subjected to ischemic cardiac arrest induced by three hypothermic solutions. Two of the solutions used had high potassium chloride concentration ("Alabama" and "St. Thomas") while the third, instead, was a bicarbonate buffer (Kreb's solution). Five experimental groups were studied. In group 1 (control) the HLP were not subjected to cardiac arrest. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were subjected to a period of cardiac arrest of 30, 60, and 120 minutes respectively. In group 5, HLP were reperfused with blood for 30 minutes after 60 minutes of cardiac arrest. A thin ring of the left anterior descending coronary artery and myocardial fragments were obtained at the end of each experiment and were analyzed by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Functional parameters were recorded in group 5. HLP perfused with Alabama solution showed a well-preserved endothelium and myocardium. HLP perfused with Krebs solution showed slight changes of the endothelial glycocalix only in group 4. Further, HLP perfused with Krebs solution showed extensive myocardial lesions (groups 3 and 4). These ischemic changes were not completely reversed after reperfusion (group 5). HLP perfused with St. Thomas solution showed only endothelial changes. These lesions were mainly characterized by: disappearance of the glycocalix and pynocytotic vesicles, endothelial cell bulging (group 2), and loss of the endothelial continuity (groups 3, 4, and 5). Hemodynamic parameters were significantly changed only in the Krebs-perfused HLP which showed a deterioration of the cardiac function related to the ischemic damage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/9301
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