Background: Mancozeb (MZ) is a fungicide that belongs to the subclass of metal (Mn/Zn) ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate pesticides. In mouse and human granulosa cells (GC) exposed to MZ (0.01 µg/ml), morphological modifications and significant alterations of p53 expression level in comparison with control GC were recorded. Objectives: To investigate if MZ (0.01 µg/ml) induces oxidative stress and alters energy metabolism in exposed mouse GC Results: Following fungicide exposure, GC showed low p53 content, a depolarized mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), as well as low ATP and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. No remarkable differences on other parameters such as ATP/ADP ratio, energy charge, as well as induction of apoptosis and DNA damage were found. The activation of AKT and PDK1 kinases in MZ-treated cells was observed. Inhibition of ROS generation by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) restored a normal expression level of p53. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the low dose of MZ here used induces a mild oxidative stress in GC, and provides evidence for the possible involvement of AKT/PKB signalling pathway in triggering adaptive and survival response.

Mancozeb affects mitochondrial activity, redox status and ATP production in mouse granulosa cells

IORIO, Roberto;CINQUE, BENEDETTA;CIFONE, MARIA GRAZIA;MACCHIARELLI, GUIDO;CECCONI, Sandra
2015

Abstract

Background: Mancozeb (MZ) is a fungicide that belongs to the subclass of metal (Mn/Zn) ethylene-bis-dithiocarbamate pesticides. In mouse and human granulosa cells (GC) exposed to MZ (0.01 µg/ml), morphological modifications and significant alterations of p53 expression level in comparison with control GC were recorded. Objectives: To investigate if MZ (0.01 µg/ml) induces oxidative stress and alters energy metabolism in exposed mouse GC Results: Following fungicide exposure, GC showed low p53 content, a depolarized mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), as well as low ATP and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels associated with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. No remarkable differences on other parameters such as ATP/ADP ratio, energy charge, as well as induction of apoptosis and DNA damage were found. The activation of AKT and PDK1 kinases in MZ-treated cells was observed. Inhibition of ROS generation by the antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) restored a normal expression level of p53. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the low dose of MZ here used induces a mild oxidative stress in GC, and provides evidence for the possible involvement of AKT/PKB signalling pathway in triggering adaptive and survival response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/9592
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