Artificial Pancreas (AP) is an expression referred to a set of techniques for the closed-loop control of the plasma glucose concentration by means of exogenous insulin administration in diabetic patients. Diabetes comprises a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period, due to pancreas failure to produce enough insulin and/or insulin resistance, so that higher amounts of insulin are usually required in order to keep glycemia in a safe range. In this work, we face the problem of glucose control for a class of Type-2 diabetic patients, in the presence of sampled glucose measurements and without any information about the time course of insulinemia. A compact physiological model of the glucose-insulin system is reviewed, then an observer (based on this model) is designed to estimate the insulin trajectory from the glucose samples. Finally, a feedback control law (based on the reconstructed state) is designed to deliver exogenous intra-venous insulin to each individual. Simulations have been performed in-silico on models of virtual patients, whose parameters are tuned according to real data, and aim at validating the method in the presence of parameter variations and quantization errors.

Sampled-data Observer-based Glucose Control for the Artificial Pancreas

BORRI, ALESSANDRO;PALUMBO, PASQUALE;MANES, COSTANZO;
2017

Abstract

Artificial Pancreas (AP) is an expression referred to a set of techniques for the closed-loop control of the plasma glucose concentration by means of exogenous insulin administration in diabetic patients. Diabetes comprises a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period, due to pancreas failure to produce enough insulin and/or insulin resistance, so that higher amounts of insulin are usually required in order to keep glycemia in a safe range. In this work, we face the problem of glucose control for a class of Type-2 diabetic patients, in the presence of sampled glucose measurements and without any information about the time course of insulinemia. A compact physiological model of the glucose-insulin system is reviewed, then an observer (based on this model) is designed to estimate the insulin trajectory from the glucose samples. Finally, a feedback control law (based on the reconstructed state) is designed to deliver exogenous intra-venous insulin to each individual. Simulations have been performed in-silico on models of virtual patients, whose parameters are tuned according to real data, and aim at validating the method in the presence of parameter variations and quantization errors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/110944
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