INTRODUCTION: Orthodontic treatment of palatally impacted maxillary canines raises many difficulties; to minimize complications, careful planning of orthodontic extrusion and the use of physiologic force are crucial. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate a simple and reproducible system for orthodontic extrusion of impacted canines that can provide the correct amount of force.METHODS: Ten specimens were constructed, consisting of a cantilever made with a 0.6-mm or 0.7-mm stainless steel wire modeled around a transpalatal bar with 3, 5, or 7 loops in the shape of a helical torsion spring. A mechanical testing machine was used to measure the force produced by the cantilever at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15Â mm of activation.RESULTS: The force values ranged from 1.24Â Â±Â 0.13Â N for the 0.7-mm wire with 3 loops to 0.48Â Â±Â 0.04Â N for the 0.6-mm wire with 7 loops. The forces measured for the 0.6-mm wire with 3 loops and the 0.7-mm wire with 7 loops were similar at 15Â mm of deflection.CONCLUSIONS: The proposed system has a simple and robust design, is easy to construct and manage, and can provide the desired amount of force by changing the wire diameter and number of loops.
|Titolo:||Predictable method to deliver physiologic force for extrusion of palatally impacted maxillary canines|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|