Background: To evaluate how the amount of expansion of the primary second molars, the patient's age, and the skeletal maturation stage influence the amount of expansion at the level of the permanent first molars Material and Methods: Fifty-five patients aged between 6 and 11 years with a cervical vertebral maturation stage of CS1 or CS2 were retrospectively selected. The intermolar width was measured before and after expansion to evaluate the amount of expansion achieved at the level of the primary second molars and the permanent first molars. Stepwise multiple linear regression was used to evaluate how the amount of primary molars expansion, the patient's age, and the cervical vertebral maturation stage predict the amount of permanent molar expansion. Results: A significant regression equation was found, and for every 1 mm of primary molar expansion, 0.91 mm of permanent molar expansion can be expected. An age between 6 and 11 years and the CS1 or CS2 skeletal maturation stage were not significant predictors of permanent molar expansion. Conclusions: A rapid maxillary expansion appliance anchored on primary second molars is effective in expanding the permanent molars to correct a transverse maxillary deficiency in prepubertal patients, transferring the risks associated with the large forces used to the primary teeth.
|Titolo:||Expansion of permanent first molars with rapid maxillary expansion appliance anchored on primary second molars|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|