This study is focused on the design of the subsea accumulators currently used to deliver a pressurized fluid whose function is to actuate safety operations on a subsea well. API 16D, whose specifications regulate the design method of a bank of accumulators, was revised, discussed, and resumed in terms of a nomogram whose engineering value is useful for designers. An additional nomogram was derived allowing to perform the verification process which is suggested by the norm, in order to verify the fulfillment of the actuations requested to the accumulators. This verification phase caught the interest of the Authors: API 16D assumes for the design that the Functional Volume Requirement (FVR) – the sum of the quantities of pressurized fluid to be delivered for different sequenced-in-time functions – is delivered at the Minimum Operating Pressure (MOP) requested by the last actuation. This hypothesis simplifies the design, but the result cannot fulfill the previous functions because of the pressure lack (energy content in the pressurized propelling gas) which can happen. The use of the two nomograms proposed simplifies the application of the design procedure and allow to discuss main sensitivities of the variables involved (FVRs & MOPs), evidencing which variables deserve more attention and accuracy. In particular, the use of the second nomogram permits to verify that the right volumes of fluid during the actuations are delivered above a minimum pressure level, so guaranteeing the fulfillment of the function. It is based on a thermo-fluid-dynamic discharge modeling of the accumulators. The paper outlines a design direction which minimizes the number of accumulators and opens the way to a different design approach, based on a fully physical discharge process description.

On the rapid discharge of subsea accumulators: remarks on the normed design method and proposal of improvement

Cipollone, Roberto;Fatigati, Fabio;Di Battista, Davide;
2018

Abstract

This study is focused on the design of the subsea accumulators currently used to deliver a pressurized fluid whose function is to actuate safety operations on a subsea well. API 16D, whose specifications regulate the design method of a bank of accumulators, was revised, discussed, and resumed in terms of a nomogram whose engineering value is useful for designers. An additional nomogram was derived allowing to perform the verification process which is suggested by the norm, in order to verify the fulfillment of the actuations requested to the accumulators. This verification phase caught the interest of the Authors: API 16D assumes for the design that the Functional Volume Requirement (FVR) – the sum of the quantities of pressurized fluid to be delivered for different sequenced-in-time functions – is delivered at the Minimum Operating Pressure (MOP) requested by the last actuation. This hypothesis simplifies the design, but the result cannot fulfill the previous functions because of the pressure lack (energy content in the pressurized propelling gas) which can happen. The use of the two nomograms proposed simplifies the application of the design procedure and allow to discuss main sensitivities of the variables involved (FVRs & MOPs), evidencing which variables deserve more attention and accuracy. In particular, the use of the second nomogram permits to verify that the right volumes of fluid during the actuations are delivered above a minimum pressure level, so guaranteeing the fulfillment of the function. It is based on a thermo-fluid-dynamic discharge modeling of the accumulators. The paper outlines a design direction which minimizes the number of accumulators and opens the way to a different design approach, based on a fully physical discharge process description.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/132795
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