PDO (protected designation of origin) Zafferano dell’Aquila (AQ), Iranian (IR), and commercial (CS) saffron samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The ICP-MS data of 30 elements were handled by unsupervised (principal component analysis (PCA)) and supervised (linear discriminant analysis (LDA)) multivariate statistical methods to identify a subset of discriminant variables useful for geographical classification. Moreover, class modeling of AQ saffron was performed by both UNEQ (unequal disperses classes) and SIMCA (soft independent modeling of class analogy) methods. A good differentiation of the AQ, IR, and CS samples was obtained by the LDA based on four selected elements: Sr, Ca, Mo, and Fe. A UNEQ class model for the PDO AQ saffron based on the above four elements provided 100% sensitivity (all authentic AQ saffron were accepted) and 100% specificity (all IR and CS were rejected), while slightly worse results were obtained using the SIMCA (89% sensitivity and 96% specificity).

Geographical discrimination of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) using ICP-MS elemental data and class modeling of PDO Zafferano dell’Aquila produced in Abruzzo (Italy)

D'Archivio A. A.
;
Ruggieri F.
2019-01-01

Abstract

PDO (protected designation of origin) Zafferano dell’Aquila (AQ), Iranian (IR), and commercial (CS) saffron samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The ICP-MS data of 30 elements were handled by unsupervised (principal component analysis (PCA)) and supervised (linear discriminant analysis (LDA)) multivariate statistical methods to identify a subset of discriminant variables useful for geographical classification. Moreover, class modeling of AQ saffron was performed by both UNEQ (unequal disperses classes) and SIMCA (soft independent modeling of class analogy) methods. A good differentiation of the AQ, IR, and CS samples was obtained by the LDA based on four selected elements: Sr, Ca, Mo, and Fe. A UNEQ class model for the PDO AQ saffron based on the above four elements provided 100% sensitivity (all authentic AQ saffron were accepted) and 100% specificity (all IR and CS were rejected), while slightly worse results were obtained using the SIMCA (89% sensitivity and 96% specificity).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/137394
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