Pasta is a typical Italian food item obtained by durum wheat semolina/flour well-known and widely consumed all over the world. Since 2013, Gragnano Pasta, a typical aliment produced in a specific area in the South of Italy, has been awarded with the P.G.I. mark, remarking the high value of this product. Due to its peculiarity and its market value, it is important to characterize and authenticate the Gragnano Pasta. Considering this rationale, the present study aims at developing a non-destructive analytical methodology suitable for this goal. Consequently, the possibility of coupling Near Infrared spectroscopy (NIR) with two different classifiers has been tested. In particular, 949 samples of pasta were analysed, and then classified into categories Gragnano and non-Gragnano by Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogies (SIMCA). In order to externally validate models, samples were divided into a training and a test set of 749 and 200 objects, respectively. Both approaches provided excellent results; PLS-DA correctly classified all the Gragnano samples (and it misclassified only 1 object belonging to the other category), while SIMCA analysis (modelling Class Gragnano) led to 96.57% sensitivity and 100% specificity.

Authentication of P.G.I. Gragnano pasta by near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and chemometrics

Biancolillo A.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Pasta is a typical Italian food item obtained by durum wheat semolina/flour well-known and widely consumed all over the world. Since 2013, Gragnano Pasta, a typical aliment produced in a specific area in the South of Italy, has been awarded with the P.G.I. mark, remarking the high value of this product. Due to its peculiarity and its market value, it is important to characterize and authenticate the Gragnano Pasta. Considering this rationale, the present study aims at developing a non-destructive analytical methodology suitable for this goal. Consequently, the possibility of coupling Near Infrared spectroscopy (NIR) with two different classifiers has been tested. In particular, 949 samples of pasta were analysed, and then classified into categories Gragnano and non-Gragnano by Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) and Soft Independent Modeling of Class Analogies (SIMCA). In order to externally validate models, samples were divided into a training and a test set of 749 and 200 objects, respectively. Both approaches provided excellent results; PLS-DA correctly classified all the Gragnano samples (and it misclassified only 1 object belonging to the other category), while SIMCA analysis (modelling Class Gragnano) led to 96.57% sensitivity and 100% specificity.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Gragnano.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Documento in Versione Editoriale
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 908.71 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
908.71 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/139278
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact