1,8-Naphthalenediol (dihydroxynaphthalene, 1,8-DHN) has been shown to be a potent hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) antioxidant compound because of the strong stabilization of the resulting free radical by intramolecular hydrogen bonding. However, the properties, reactivity, and fate of the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical have remained so far uncharted. Herein, we report an integrated experimental and computational characterization of the early intermediates and dimer products that arise by the oxidation of 1,8-DHN. Laser flash photolysis (LFP) studies of HAT from 1,8-DHN to the cumyloxyl and aminoxyl radicals showed the generation of a transient species absorbing at 350, 400, and > 600 nm attributable to the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical. Peroxidase/H2O2 oxidation of 1,8-DHN was found to proceed via an intense blue intermediate (lambda(max) 654 nm) preceding precipitation of a black melanin-like polymer. By halting the reaction in the early stages, three main dimers featuring 2,2'-, 2,4'-, and 4,4'-bondings could be isolated and characterized in pure form. Density functional theory calculations supported the generation of the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical and its subsequent coupling via the 2-and 4-positions giving extended quinone dimers with intense transitions in the visible range, consistent with UV-vis and LFP data. Overall, these results allowed to elucidate the mechanism of oxidative polymerization of 1,8-DHN of possible relevance to melanogenesis in fungi and other processes of environmental and astrochemical relevance.

Characterization and Fate of Hydrogen-Bonded Free-Radical Intermediates and Their Coupling Products from the Hydrogen Atom Transfer Agent 1,8-Naphthalenediol

Cecchini M. M.;Reale S.;De Angelis F.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

1,8-Naphthalenediol (dihydroxynaphthalene, 1,8-DHN) has been shown to be a potent hydrogen atom transfer (HAT) antioxidant compound because of the strong stabilization of the resulting free radical by intramolecular hydrogen bonding. However, the properties, reactivity, and fate of the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical have remained so far uncharted. Herein, we report an integrated experimental and computational characterization of the early intermediates and dimer products that arise by the oxidation of 1,8-DHN. Laser flash photolysis (LFP) studies of HAT from 1,8-DHN to the cumyloxyl and aminoxyl radicals showed the generation of a transient species absorbing at 350, 400, and > 600 nm attributable to the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical. Peroxidase/H2O2 oxidation of 1,8-DHN was found to proceed via an intense blue intermediate (lambda(max) 654 nm) preceding precipitation of a black melanin-like polymer. By halting the reaction in the early stages, three main dimers featuring 2,2'-, 2,4'-, and 4,4'-bondings could be isolated and characterized in pure form. Density functional theory calculations supported the generation of the 1,8-DHN phenoxyl radical and its subsequent coupling via the 2-and 4-positions giving extended quinone dimers with intense transitions in the visible range, consistent with UV-vis and LFP data. Overall, these results allowed to elucidate the mechanism of oxidative polymerization of 1,8-DHN of possible relevance to melanogenesis in fungi and other processes of environmental and astrochemical relevance.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/139572
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