Arthroscopic reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has evolved to less invasive, more anatomical approaches. Consequently, post-operative rehabilitation has likewise become more progressive and innovative. On the other hand, few objective, functional criteria are used to determine when patients with ACL reconstruction can return to sports activities. In recent years technologies in the field of functional evaluation have been enormously developed, allowing an easier and more accurate assessment of knee motion during athletic activities. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to summarize the evidence from biomechanical studies on ACL-related research, encouraging orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists, physiotherapists and athletic trainers with related background to better understand biomechanics, injury aetiology, prevention, rehabilitation, stability assessment, and adaptations after reconstruction for patients with ACL injury. Level of Evidence: 5 - Narrative Review
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