According to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the central nervous system, assessment of exon 4 mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 or 2 genes (IDH1 or IDH2) is an essential step in the characterization of gliomas. The p.R132H mutation is the most frequent alteration in IDH genes, however other non-canonical IDH mutations can be identified. The aim of this study is to investigate in depth the prevalence of non-R132H IDH (“non-canonical”) mutations in brain tumors classified according to the 2016 WHO scheme and their clonal distribution in neoplastic cells. A total of 288 consecutive cases of brain gliomas (grade II–IV) were analyzed for exon 4 IDH1 and IDH2 mutations. IDH1 and IDH2 analysis was performed using next generation sequencing. Non-canonical IDH mutations were identified in 13/52 (25.0%) grade II gliomas (astrocytomas: 8/31, 25.8%; oligodendrogliomas: 5/21, 23.8%) and in 5/40 (12.5%) grade III gliomas (astrocytomas: 3/25, 12.0%; oligodendrogliomas: 2/15, 13.3%). They were not identified in 196 grade IV gliomas (192 glioblastomas, 4 gliosarcomas). In the large majority (>80%) of tumors IDH mutations, both IDH1-R132H and the non-canonical ones, were present in the large majority (>80%) of neoplastic cells. Our data highlight the importance of investigating not only the IDH1-R132H mutation but also the non-canonical ones. These mutations are clonally distributed, with proportions of mutated neoplastic cells overlapping with those of p.R132H, a finding consistent with their driver role in gliomagenesis.
|Titolo:||Non-canonical IDH1 and IDH2 mutations: a clonal and relevant event in an Italian cohort of gliomas classified according to the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|