Background: A high prevalence (9.5 to 30%) of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) has been reported. The application of the EoE criteria to EA patients might be problematic. To date only studies using a “routine” biopsy approach, even in asymptomatic patients, have been performed. The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of EoE among symptomatic EA patients (EA/EoE group) without anastomotic stricture (AS) and to compare their characteristics with those of EoE patients from general population (EoE group). Methods: From 2005 to 2018, we reviewed charts of children with EA and EoE. “Selective” biopsy approach only in EA children without AS and/or endoscopic feature of EoE was performed. Characteristics of EA/EoE and EoE groups were compared. Results: Among 370 EA and 118 EoE, 15 EA/EoE patients were detected (4.0% of EA patients). Male predominance and a high prevalence of allergy without differences between EA/EoE and EoE groups was observed. EA/EoE children were significantly younger (p< 0.0001). PPI-responder patients were significantly more prevalent in EA/EoE group (p=0.045). Conclusion: Our data confirm that EA patients are at high risk for developing EoE. High incidence, early onset and high prevalence of PPI-responders might suggest that esophageal motility disorders interact to increase propensity to EoE in EA patients. However, our study also suggests that overdiagnosis of EoE may occur in EA and that adapted criteria for EoE diagnosis should be developed for EA patients.

Eosfagite eosinofila nel bambino con atresia esofagea: esperienza di un approccio "selettivo" per la raccolta delle biopsie esofagee in un centro di terzo livello / Tambucci, Renato. - (2020 Apr 28).

Eosfagite eosinofila nel bambino con atresia esofagea: esperienza di un approccio "selettivo" per la raccolta delle biopsie esofagee in un centro di terzo livello

TAMBUCCI, RENATO
2020

Abstract

Background: A high prevalence (9.5 to 30%) of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) has been reported. The application of the EoE criteria to EA patients might be problematic. To date only studies using a “routine” biopsy approach, even in asymptomatic patients, have been performed. The aim of the study was to establish the prevalence of EoE among symptomatic EA patients (EA/EoE group) without anastomotic stricture (AS) and to compare their characteristics with those of EoE patients from general population (EoE group). Methods: From 2005 to 2018, we reviewed charts of children with EA and EoE. “Selective” biopsy approach only in EA children without AS and/or endoscopic feature of EoE was performed. Characteristics of EA/EoE and EoE groups were compared. Results: Among 370 EA and 118 EoE, 15 EA/EoE patients were detected (4.0% of EA patients). Male predominance and a high prevalence of allergy without differences between EA/EoE and EoE groups was observed. EA/EoE children were significantly younger (p< 0.0001). PPI-responder patients were significantly more prevalent in EA/EoE group (p=0.045). Conclusion: Our data confirm that EA patients are at high risk for developing EoE. High incidence, early onset and high prevalence of PPI-responders might suggest that esophageal motility disorders interact to increase propensity to EoE in EA patients. However, our study also suggests that overdiagnosis of EoE may occur in EA and that adapted criteria for EoE diagnosis should be developed for EA patients.
Eosfagite eosinofila nel bambino con atresia esofagea: esperienza di un approccio "selettivo" per la raccolta delle biopsie esofagee in un centro di terzo livello / Tambucci, Renato. - (2020 Apr 28).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/157500
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