Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of fuels can suffer from scattering effects which may mask the signals corresponding to key analytes in the spectra. Therefore, scatter correction techniques are often used prior to any modelling so to remove scattering and improve predictive performances. However, different scatter correction techniques may carry complementary information so that, if jointly used, both model stability and performances could be improved. A solution to that is the fusion of complementary information from differently scatter corrected data. In the present work, the use of a preprocessing fusion approach called sequential preprocessing through orthogonalization (SPORT) is demonstrated for predicting key quality parameters in diesel fuels. In particular, the possibility of predicting four different key properties, i.e., boiling point (°C), density (g/mL), aromatic mass (%) and viscosity (cSt), was considered. As a comparison, standard partial least-squares (PLS) regression modelling was performed on data pretreated by SNV and 2nd derivative (which is a widely used preprocessing combination). The results showed that the SPORT models, based on the fusion of scatter correction techniques, outperformed the standard PLS models in the prediction of all the four properties, suggesting that selection and use of a single scatter correction technique is often not sufficient. Up to complete bias removal with 50% reduction in prediction error was obtained. The R2P was increased by up to 8%. The sequential scatter fusion approach (SPORT) is not limited to NIR data but can be applied to any other spectral data where a preprocessing optimization step is required.
|Titolo:||Improved prediction of fuel properties with near-infrared spectroscopy using a complementary sequential fusion of scatter correction techniques|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|