During the infection, plant cells secrete different OG-oxidase (OGOX) paralogs, defense flavoproteins that oxidize the oligogalacturonides (OGs), homogalacturonan fragments released from the plant cell wall that act as Damage Associated Molecular Patterns. OGOX-mediated oxidation inactivates their elicitor nature, but on the other hand makes OGs less hydrolysable by microbial endo-polygalacturonases (PGs). Among the different plant defense responses, apoplastic alkalinization can further reduce the degrading potential of PGs by boosting the oxidizing activity of OGOXs. Accordingly, the different OGOXs so far characterized showed an optimal activity at pH values greater than 8. Here, an approach of molecular dynamics (MD)-guided mutagenesis succeeded in identifying the amino acids responsible for the pH dependent activity of OGOX1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. MD simulations indicated that in alkaline conditions (pH 8.5), the residues Asp325 and Asp344 are engaged in the formation of two salt bridges with Arg327 and Lys415, respectively, at the rim of enzyme active site. According to MD analysis, the presence of such ionic bonds modulates the size and flexibility of the cavity used to accommodate the OGs, in turn affecting the activity of OGOX1. Based on functional properties of the site-directed mutants OGOX1.D325A and OGOX.D344A, we demonstrated that Asp325 and Asp344 are major determinants of the alkaline-dependent activity of OGOX1.

A molecular dynamics-guided mutagenesis identifies two aspartic acid residues involved in the pH-dependent activity of OG-OXIDASE 1

Scortica A.;Capone M.;Narzi D.
;
Frezzini M.;Scafati V.;Giovannoni M.;Angelucci F.;Guidoni L.;Mattei B.
;
Benedetti M.
2021

Abstract

During the infection, plant cells secrete different OG-oxidase (OGOX) paralogs, defense flavoproteins that oxidize the oligogalacturonides (OGs), homogalacturonan fragments released from the plant cell wall that act as Damage Associated Molecular Patterns. OGOX-mediated oxidation inactivates their elicitor nature, but on the other hand makes OGs less hydrolysable by microbial endo-polygalacturonases (PGs). Among the different plant defense responses, apoplastic alkalinization can further reduce the degrading potential of PGs by boosting the oxidizing activity of OGOXs. Accordingly, the different OGOXs so far characterized showed an optimal activity at pH values greater than 8. Here, an approach of molecular dynamics (MD)-guided mutagenesis succeeded in identifying the amino acids responsible for the pH dependent activity of OGOX1 from Arabidopsis thaliana. MD simulations indicated that in alkaline conditions (pH 8.5), the residues Asp325 and Asp344 are engaged in the formation of two salt bridges with Arg327 and Lys415, respectively, at the rim of enzyme active site. According to MD analysis, the presence of such ionic bonds modulates the size and flexibility of the cavity used to accommodate the OGs, in turn affecting the activity of OGOX1. Based on functional properties of the site-directed mutants OGOX1.D325A and OGOX.D344A, we demonstrated that Asp325 and Asp344 are major determinants of the alkaline-dependent activity of OGOX1.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/172652
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