BACKGROUNDDifferential diagnosis, comorbidities and overlaps with other psychiatric disorders are common among adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but clinical assessments often omit screening for personality disorders (PD), which are especially common in individuals with high-functioning ASD where there is less need for support.AIMTo summarize the research findings on PD in adults with ASD and without intellectual disability, focusing on comorbidity and differential diagnosis.METHODSPubMed searches were performed using the key words "Asperger's Syndrome ", "Autism ", "Personality ", "Personality disorder " and "comorbidity " in order to identify relevant articles published in English. Grey literature was identified through searching Google Scholar. The literature reviews and reference sections of selected papers were also examined for additional potential studies. The search was restricted to studies published up to April 2020. This review is based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method.RESULTSThe search found 22 studies carried out on ASD adults without intellectual disability that met the inclusion criteria: 16 evaluated personality profiles or PD in ASD (comorbidity), five compared ASD and PD (differential diagnosis) and one performed both tasks. There were significant differences in the methodological approaches, including the ASD diagnostic instruments and personality measures. Cluster A and cluster C PD are the most frequent co-occurring PD, but overlapping features should be considered. Data on differential diagnosis were only found with cluster A and cluster B PD.CONCLUSIONASD in high-functioning adults is associated with a distinct personality profile even if variability exists. Further studies are needed to explore the complex relationship between ASD and PD.

Autism spectrum disorder and personality disorders: Comorbidity and differential diagnosis

Attanasio, Margherita;Valenti, Marco;Mazza, Monica;Keller, Roberto
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUNDDifferential diagnosis, comorbidities and overlaps with other psychiatric disorders are common among adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but clinical assessments often omit screening for personality disorders (PD), which are especially common in individuals with high-functioning ASD where there is less need for support.AIMTo summarize the research findings on PD in adults with ASD and without intellectual disability, focusing on comorbidity and differential diagnosis.METHODSPubMed searches were performed using the key words "Asperger's Syndrome ", "Autism ", "Personality ", "Personality disorder " and "comorbidity " in order to identify relevant articles published in English. Grey literature was identified through searching Google Scholar. The literature reviews and reference sections of selected papers were also examined for additional potential studies. The search was restricted to studies published up to April 2020. This review is based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses method.RESULTSThe search found 22 studies carried out on ASD adults without intellectual disability that met the inclusion criteria: 16 evaluated personality profiles or PD in ASD (comorbidity), five compared ASD and PD (differential diagnosis) and one performed both tasks. There were significant differences in the methodological approaches, including the ASD diagnostic instruments and personality measures. Cluster A and cluster C PD are the most frequent co-occurring PD, but overlapping features should be considered. Data on differential diagnosis were only found with cluster A and cluster B PD.CONCLUSIONASD in high-functioning adults is associated with a distinct personality profile even if variability exists. Further studies are needed to explore the complex relationship between ASD and PD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/178472
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