KPC enzymes are the most common class A carbapenemases globally diffused. The peculiarity of this family of β-lactamases is represented by their ability to hydrolyse all classes of β-lactams, including carbapenems, posing a serious problem to public health. In the present study, seven laboratory mutants of KPC-3 (D228S, D228W, D228M, D228K, D228L, D228I and D228G) were generated by site-saturation mutagenesis to explore the role of residue 228, a non-active site residue. Compared to KPC-3, the seven mutants showed evident differences in kcat and Km values calculated for some penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems. In particular, D228S and D228M showed a significant increase of Km values for cefotaxime and ceftazidime. Circular dichroism (CD) experiments have demonstrated that substitution at position 228 does not affect the secondary structure of the mutants. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed on KPC-3, D228S and D228M uncomplexed and complexed with cefotaxime (substrate). Although the residue 228 is located far from the active site, between α11 helix and β7 sheet in the opposite site of the Ω-loop, amino acid substitution at this position generates mechanical effects in the active site resulting in enzyme activity changes.

Amino acid replacement at position 228 induces fluctuation in the Ω-loop of KPC-3 and reduces the affinity against oxyimino cephalosporins: Kinetic and molecular dynamics studies

Piccirilli A.
;
Brisdelli F.;Aschi M.;Cherubini S.;Amicosante G.;Perilli M.
2020

Abstract

KPC enzymes are the most common class A carbapenemases globally diffused. The peculiarity of this family of β-lactamases is represented by their ability to hydrolyse all classes of β-lactams, including carbapenems, posing a serious problem to public health. In the present study, seven laboratory mutants of KPC-3 (D228S, D228W, D228M, D228K, D228L, D228I and D228G) were generated by site-saturation mutagenesis to explore the role of residue 228, a non-active site residue. Compared to KPC-3, the seven mutants showed evident differences in kcat and Km values calculated for some penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems. In particular, D228S and D228M showed a significant increase of Km values for cefotaxime and ceftazidime. Circular dichroism (CD) experiments have demonstrated that substitution at position 228 does not affect the secondary structure of the mutants. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed on KPC-3, D228S and D228M uncomplexed and complexed with cefotaxime (substrate). Although the residue 228 is located far from the active site, between α11 helix and β7 sheet in the opposite site of the Ω-loop, amino acid substitution at this position generates mechanical effects in the active site resulting in enzyme activity changes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/180375
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