In the last few decades, great effort has been spent on advanced material testing and the development of damage models intended to estimate the ductility and fracture of ductile metals. While most studies focused on static testing are applied at room temperatures only, in this paper, multiaxial tests have been executed to investigate the effects of dynamic action and temperature on the mechanical and fracture behavior of an API X65 steel. To this end, a Split Hopkinson Bar (SHB) facility for dynamic tests, and a uniaxial testing machine equipped with a high-temperature furnace, were used. Numerical simulations of the experiments were setup for calibration and validation purposes. Based on the experimental results, the Johnson–Cook and Zerilli–Armstrong plasticity models were first tuned, resulting in a good experimental–numerical match. Secondly, the triaxiality and Lode angle dependent damage models proposed by Bai–Wierzbicki and Coppola–Cortese were also calibrated. The comparison of the fracture surfaces predicted by the damage models under different loading conditions showed, as expected, an overall significant increase in ductility with temperature; an appreciable increase in ductility was also observed with the increase in strain rate, in the range of low and moderate triaxialities. © 2022 by the authors.

Effects of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Ductility of an API X65 Grade Steel

Edoardo Mancini
2022

Abstract

In the last few decades, great effort has been spent on advanced material testing and the development of damage models intended to estimate the ductility and fracture of ductile metals. While most studies focused on static testing are applied at room temperatures only, in this paper, multiaxial tests have been executed to investigate the effects of dynamic action and temperature on the mechanical and fracture behavior of an API X65 steel. To this end, a Split Hopkinson Bar (SHB) facility for dynamic tests, and a uniaxial testing machine equipped with a high-temperature furnace, were used. Numerical simulations of the experiments were setup for calibration and validation purposes. Based on the experimental results, the Johnson–Cook and Zerilli–Armstrong plasticity models were first tuned, resulting in a good experimental–numerical match. Secondly, the triaxiality and Lode angle dependent damage models proposed by Bai–Wierzbicki and Coppola–Cortese were also calibrated. The comparison of the fracture surfaces predicted by the damage models under different loading conditions showed, as expected, an overall significant increase in ductility with temperature; an appreciable increase in ductility was also observed with the increase in strain rate, in the range of low and moderate triaxialities. © 2022 by the authors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/190281
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