This article presents the definition of the performance that the electric motor should have in order to satisfy the requirements of the electric vehicle in terms of acceleration time and maximum speed, starting from a simplified vehicle model, considering the motor torque minimization and the input power minimization. In order to verify the effectiveness of the synchronous reluctance motor in traction applications, it has been evaluated in two case studies: a high-performance vehicle and a city car, where different flux weakening capabilities from the motor in function of the minimization strategies can be pursued to satisfy the requirements. If the car requires high performance in terms of acceleration time and maximum speed, the poor flux weakening capabilities of the synchronous reluctance motor induces a machine oversizing in terms of peak power; by assuming this, it is, however, possible to satisfy the requirements considering the maximum available encumbrance due to an advanced and innovative optimized design procedure. The motor of the city car is obtained only by modifying the stack length and the windings (scaled version), and on this last solution, a prototype has been realized and fully tested; the experimental tests confirm the results of the simulations.
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