Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is known to damage the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria by binding to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We report that LPS is released from bacterial outer membranes also when apo- or metal-saturated Lf is separated from bacterial cells by a dialysis membrane. This process occurs in phosphate-buffered saline with no added Ca2+ and Mg2+ and is hindered by addition of these cations. The effect of bLf is similar to that induced by EDTA and has been ascribed to chelation of Ca2+. In fact, it may be envisaged that Ca2+-binding sites on LPS have different affinities and that bLf can remove those ions that are more weakly bound. Ca2+ binding does not alter Lf iron-binding properties significantly or its UV and CD spectral features but brings about changes in the FT-IR bands due to carboxylate residues. Ca2+ binding is characterized by an apparent dissociation constant of 6 microM and a stoichiometry of 1.55 Ca2+ per Lf molecule; it enhances bLf stability towards chemical and thermal denaturation. The increase in stability takes place in both the apo- and iron-saturated forms but not in the desialilated protein, indicating that the carboxylate groups of the sialic acid residues present on two of the glycan chains are involved in Ca2+ binding

“Ca2+ binding to Bovine Lactoferrin enhances protein stability and influences the release of bacterial lipopolysaccharide”

GIANSANTI, FRANCESCO;
2002-01-01

Abstract

Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is known to damage the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria by binding to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We report that LPS is released from bacterial outer membranes also when apo- or metal-saturated Lf is separated from bacterial cells by a dialysis membrane. This process occurs in phosphate-buffered saline with no added Ca2+ and Mg2+ and is hindered by addition of these cations. The effect of bLf is similar to that induced by EDTA and has been ascribed to chelation of Ca2+. In fact, it may be envisaged that Ca2+-binding sites on LPS have different affinities and that bLf can remove those ions that are more weakly bound. Ca2+ binding does not alter Lf iron-binding properties significantly or its UV and CD spectral features but brings about changes in the FT-IR bands due to carboxylate residues. Ca2+ binding is characterized by an apparent dissociation constant of 6 microM and a stoichiometry of 1.55 Ca2+ per Lf molecule; it enhances bLf stability towards chemical and thermal denaturation. The increase in stability takes place in both the apo- and iron-saturated forms but not in the desialilated protein, indicating that the carboxylate groups of the sialic acid residues present on two of the glycan chains are involved in Ca2+ binding
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/20504
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