The Authors carried out an retrospective analysis on 81 patients, 67 men and 14 women, suffering from non post-surgical thoracic empyema, to evaluate the different therapeutic procedures and respective indications. The unsuccessful response to the preserving approach (intercostal drainage and pleural lavage twice a day with specific antibiotics or antiseptics) in 56 cases, induced the Authors to carry out a video-thoracoscopy (VAT), that allowed them to define the infection stage and subsequent treatment (the carrying on of a pleural drainage-lavage in 32 cases, the transcurrent pleural irrigation in 10 cases, the open window thoracostomy followed by myoplasty in 6 cases with bronchopleural fistula, the decortication with associated pleural exeresis in 6 cases with bronchopleural fistula, the decortication with associated pleural exeresis in 6 cases, the streptokinase in pleural cavity in 2 cases). There were registered totally 3 deaths (3.7%). The Authors in conclusion assert that the VAT, carried out after the unsuccessful preserving treatment, allows the evaluation of the infection stage and consequently suggests therapy.
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