The whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of eighteen S. marcescens clinical strains isolated from 18 newborns hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Pescara Public Hospital, Italy, was compared with that of S. marcescens isolated from cradles surfaces in the same ward. The identical antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and virulence factors were found in both clinical and environmental S. marcescens strains. The aac(6')-Ic, tetA(41), bla(SRT-3), adeFGH, rsmA, and PBP3 (D350N) genes were identified in all strains. The SRT-3 enzyme, which exhibited 10 amino acid substitutions with respect to SST-1, the constitutive AmpC beta-lactamase in S. marcescens, was partially purified and tested against some beta-lactams. It showed a good activity against cefazolin. Both clinical and environmental S. marcescens strains exhibited susceptibility to all antibiotics tested, with the exception of amoxicillin/clavulanate.
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