Epilepsy is rarely associated with Joubert's syndrome and related disorders (JSRD), being reported only in 3% of cases. Few patients have been described, moreover, with poor evidences of specific seizures' semiology or standard of practice for pharmacological treatment. Epilepsy is likely to be related to brain malformations in ciliopathies. Beyond the typical hindbrain malformation, the molar tooth sign, other cerebral anomalies variably reported in JSRD, such as generalized polymicrogyria, hamartomas, periventricular nodular heterotopia, and hippocampal defects, have been described. Herein, we aimed to revise the main clinical and etiopathogenetic characteristics of epilepsy associated with JSRD.
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