Pathogenic variants in CENPJ have been first identified in consanguineous Pakistani families with Hereditary Primary Microcephaly type 6 (MCPH6). In addition to primary microcephaly, the CENPJ-related phenotypic spectrum lately included also distinctive and peculiar ‘bird-like’ craniofacial dysmorphisms, intrauterine and/or postnatal growth retardation, and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID). These features are also part of the clinical spectrum of Seckel syndrome (SCKL) a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition caused by mutations in different genes involved in cell cycle progression. Among these, CENPJ is responsible for type 4 Seckel syndrome (SCKL4). The literature reports two individuals affected by SCKL4 suffering from seizures and other two individuals with other brain malformations in addition to microcephaly. However, neither epilepsy nor brain malformations are described in detail and genotype-phenotype information remains limited. We describe the first Caucasian affected with SCKL4 and harboring a novel, homozygous mutation in CENPJ. We detail the clinical and neuroradiological findings including structural focal epilepsy and a severe brain malformation (i.e., hydranencephaly) that was never associated with SCKL4 to date.

Hydranencephaly in CENPJ-related Seckel syndrome

Vincenzo Salpietro;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Pathogenic variants in CENPJ have been first identified in consanguineous Pakistani families with Hereditary Primary Microcephaly type 6 (MCPH6). In addition to primary microcephaly, the CENPJ-related phenotypic spectrum lately included also distinctive and peculiar ‘bird-like’ craniofacial dysmorphisms, intrauterine and/or postnatal growth retardation, and moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID). These features are also part of the clinical spectrum of Seckel syndrome (SCKL) a genetically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental condition caused by mutations in different genes involved in cell cycle progression. Among these, CENPJ is responsible for type 4 Seckel syndrome (SCKL4). The literature reports two individuals affected by SCKL4 suffering from seizures and other two individuals with other brain malformations in addition to microcephaly. However, neither epilepsy nor brain malformations are described in detail and genotype-phenotype information remains limited. We describe the first Caucasian affected with SCKL4 and harboring a novel, homozygous mutation in CENPJ. We detail the clinical and neuroradiological findings including structural focal epilepsy and a severe brain malformation (i.e., hydranencephaly) that was never associated with SCKL4 to date.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/214538
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