We report composition, grain size, and rheological data related to the mud emitted as a consequence of the maximum moment magnitude (M-w max = 6.5) on 30 October 2016, commonly referred to as the Norcia earthquake (central Italy), and on the activity of pre-existent mud volcanoes affected by the central Italy seismic sequence started on 24 August 2016. The emission sites were located at Monteleone di Fermo and Santa Vittoria in Matenano, two municipalities near the town of Fermo (Marche Region, Italy). We sampled, measured, and analyzed the products of mud emissions 3 days after the mainshock to characterize the mud by geochemical, mineralogical, and rheological analyses. The muds' geochemical composition and low electrical conductivity suggest a continental origin, likely belonging to the Colombacci Formation. The collected muds are silt-sand-water-rich suspensions characterized by a Bigham rheology with viscosity values between 6.3.10(7) and 6.9.10(5) Pa.s. The calculated minimum fluidization velocity of the mud suspensions is between 0.05 m/s (grain size of 2 microm) and 0.74 m/s (grain size of 8 microm). Water-rich mud suspensions flowing on a slope move faster as the water content increases up to 30 wt.%. At higher values, the velocity remains almost constant due to the disaggregation of bonds among the solid particles in the mixtures.
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