Although cooperativity is a well-established and general property of folding, our current understanding of this feature in multidomain folding is still relatively limited. In fact, there are contrasting results indicating that the constituent domains of a multidomain protein may either fold independently on each other or exhibit interdependent supradomain phenomena. To address this issue, here we present the comparative analysis of the folding of a tandem repeat protein, comprising two contiguous PDZ domains, in comparison to that of its isolated constituent domains. By analyzing in detail the equilibrium and kinetics of folding at different experimental conditions, we demonstrate that despite each of the PDZ domains in isolation being capable of independent folding, at variance with previ-ously characterized PDZ tandem repeats, the full-length construct folds and unfolds as a single cooperative unit. By exploiting quantitatively, the comparison of the folding of the tandem repeat to those observed for its constituent domains, as well as by characterizing a truncated variant lacking a short autoinhibitory segment, we successfully rationalize the molec-ular basis of the observed cooperativity and attempt to infer some general conclusions for multidomain systems.

Understanding the molecular basis of folding cooperativity through a comparative analysis of a multidomain protein and its isolated domains

Malagrino, Francesca
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Although cooperativity is a well-established and general property of folding, our current understanding of this feature in multidomain folding is still relatively limited. In fact, there are contrasting results indicating that the constituent domains of a multidomain protein may either fold independently on each other or exhibit interdependent supradomain phenomena. To address this issue, here we present the comparative analysis of the folding of a tandem repeat protein, comprising two contiguous PDZ domains, in comparison to that of its isolated constituent domains. By analyzing in detail the equilibrium and kinetics of folding at different experimental conditions, we demonstrate that despite each of the PDZ domains in isolation being capable of independent folding, at variance with previ-ously characterized PDZ tandem repeats, the full-length construct folds and unfolds as a single cooperative unit. By exploiting quantitatively, the comparison of the folding of the tandem repeat to those observed for its constituent domains, as well as by characterizing a truncated variant lacking a short autoinhibitory segment, we successfully rationalize the molec-ular basis of the observed cooperativity and attempt to infer some general conclusions for multidomain systems.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/223802
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