We have analysed concentrations of the p53 protein in advanced oral carcinomas immunohistochemically and genetically to detect the percentage of overexpression of this antioncogene that indicates a high probability of mutation. This would point to it being a useful prognostic factor, if we consider the importance of the relation between genetic alterations of p53 and poor overall survival. Seventy-five non-consecutive patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and metastatic nodes were enrolled if there was homogeneity in histopathological grading (G2) of their tumours, and they were treated according to a multidisciplinary treatment plan. Monoclonal antibodies, extraction of DNA, and amplification of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used for the immunohistochemical and genetic analyses. There was a significant inverse correlation between p53 overexpression and response to chemotherapy and a stronger association between high P53 overexpression (%) and a genetic mutation of p53 (p=0.0001). More than 50% overexpression indicated a strong probability of genetic mutation. There was no association between response to chemotherapy and age-groups or TNM classification (p=0.2), but there was a significant one between sex and site of tumour (p<0.001). Three prognostic factors were significantly related to prognosis: site of tumour (p=0.01), response to chemotherapy (p=0.002), and immuno p53 (p=0.0001). A tumour that is characterised by p53 overexpression of more than 50% indicates a poor prognosis.

Evaluation of p53 protein as a prognostic factor for oral cancer surgery

CUTILLI, Tommaso;LEOCATA, Pietro;DOLO, VINCENZA;ALTOBELLI, EMMA
2013-01-01

Abstract

We have analysed concentrations of the p53 protein in advanced oral carcinomas immunohistochemically and genetically to detect the percentage of overexpression of this antioncogene that indicates a high probability of mutation. This would point to it being a useful prognostic factor, if we consider the importance of the relation between genetic alterations of p53 and poor overall survival. Seventy-five non-consecutive patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and metastatic nodes were enrolled if there was homogeneity in histopathological grading (G2) of their tumours, and they were treated according to a multidisciplinary treatment plan. Monoclonal antibodies, extraction of DNA, and amplification of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used for the immunohistochemical and genetic analyses. There was a significant inverse correlation between p53 overexpression and response to chemotherapy and a stronger association between high P53 overexpression (%) and a genetic mutation of p53 (p=0.0001). More than 50% overexpression indicated a strong probability of genetic mutation. There was no association between response to chemotherapy and age-groups or TNM classification (p=0.2), but there was a significant one between sex and site of tumour (p<0.001). Three prognostic factors were significantly related to prognosis: site of tumour (p=0.01), response to chemotherapy (p=0.002), and immuno p53 (p=0.0001). A tumour that is characterised by p53 overexpression of more than 50% indicates a poor prognosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/3863
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