We study the long-time behavior of the Wasserstein gradient flow for an energy functional consisting of two components: particles are attracted to a fixed profile ω by means of an interaction kernel ψa(z) = |z|qa, and they repel each other by means of another kernel ψr(z) = |z|qr. We focus on the case of one space dimension and assume that 1 ≤ qr ≤ qa ≤ 2. Our main result is that the flow converges to an equilibrium if either qr < qa or 1 ≤ qr = qa ≤ 4/3, and if the solution has the same (conserved) mass as the reference state ω. In the cases qr = 1 and qr = 2, we are able to discuss the behavior for different masses as well, and we explicitly identify the equilibrium state, which is independent of the initial condition. Our proofs heavily use the inverse distribution function of the solution. © 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Asymptotic Behavior of Gradient Flows Driven by Nonlocal Power Repulsion and Attraction Potentials in One Dimension

DI FRANCESCO, MARCO;
2014

Abstract

We study the long-time behavior of the Wasserstein gradient flow for an energy functional consisting of two components: particles are attracted to a fixed profile ω by means of an interaction kernel ψa(z) = |z|qa, and they repel each other by means of another kernel ψr(z) = |z|qr. We focus on the case of one space dimension and assume that 1 ≤ qr ≤ qa ≤ 2. Our main result is that the flow converges to an equilibrium if either qr < qa or 1 ≤ qr = qa ≤ 4/3, and if the solution has the same (conserved) mass as the reference state ω. In the cases qr = 1 and qr = 2, we are able to discuss the behavior for different masses as well, and we explicitly identify the equilibrium state, which is independent of the initial condition. Our proofs heavily use the inverse distribution function of the solution. © 2014 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11697/4148
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