""The linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs) have been widely used in the last decades for description and prediction of retention in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). LSERs are usually applied to model the effect of solute structure on the RP-HPLC retention at a fixed separation condition. Some authors by combining LSER with known empirical relationships relating retention with mobile phase composition of binary eluents (phi) have proposed a predictive model able to simultaneously relate RP-HPLC retention to both solute LSER descriptors and mobile phase composition. The resulting relationship can be established for a given column\\\/organic modifier combination by curvilinear regression aimed at defining 18 model coefficients. In this study, we compare predictive performance of such approach and that of artificial neural network (ANN) regression in which the five solute LSER descriptors and phi are directly considered as the network inputs. To this purpose we analyse literature retention data of 31 molecules of different types collected on five reversed-phase columns either in water-acetonitrile and water-methanol mobile phase, the organic modifier content ranging between 20 and 70% (v\\\/v). For each column\\\/organic modifier combination both a curvilinear and an ANN-based model is built using data referred to 25 solutes, while the alternative models are later tested on the remaining six solutes excluded from calibration. Further, we compare capability of curvilinear and ANN regression after including into the respective models also variability related with the stationary phase, represented by the average retention of calibration solutes extrapolated at pure water as the mobile phase. The results of this investigation demonstrate that regardless of the kind of column and organic modifier ANN regression, as compared with curvilinear modelling, provides lower prediction errors and these are more uniformly distributed over the investigated retention range. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.""

Multi-variable retention modelling in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography based on the solvation method: A comparison between curvilienar and artificial neural network regression

D'ARCHIVIO, ANGELO ANTONIO;RUGGIERI, FABRIZIO
2011-01-01

Abstract

""The linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs) have been widely used in the last decades for description and prediction of retention in reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). LSERs are usually applied to model the effect of solute structure on the RP-HPLC retention at a fixed separation condition. Some authors by combining LSER with known empirical relationships relating retention with mobile phase composition of binary eluents (phi) have proposed a predictive model able to simultaneously relate RP-HPLC retention to both solute LSER descriptors and mobile phase composition. The resulting relationship can be established for a given column\\\/organic modifier combination by curvilinear regression aimed at defining 18 model coefficients. In this study, we compare predictive performance of such approach and that of artificial neural network (ANN) regression in which the five solute LSER descriptors and phi are directly considered as the network inputs. To this purpose we analyse literature retention data of 31 molecules of different types collected on five reversed-phase columns either in water-acetonitrile and water-methanol mobile phase, the organic modifier content ranging between 20 and 70% (v\\\/v). For each column\\\/organic modifier combination both a curvilinear and an ANN-based model is built using data referred to 25 solutes, while the alternative models are later tested on the remaining six solutes excluded from calibration. Further, we compare capability of curvilinear and ANN regression after including into the respective models also variability related with the stationary phase, represented by the average retention of calibration solutes extrapolated at pure water as the mobile phase. The results of this investigation demonstrate that regardless of the kind of column and organic modifier ANN regression, as compared with curvilinear modelling, provides lower prediction errors and these are more uniformly distributed over the investigated retention range. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.""
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/89424
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