Reciprocating internal combustion engines (ICE) are still the most used in the sector of the on-the-road transportation, both for passengers and freight. CO2 reduction is the actual technological driver, considering the worldwide greenhouse reduction targets committed by most governments. In ICE more than one third of the fuel energy used is rejected to the environment as thermal waste through the exhaust gases. Therefore, a greater fuel economy could be achieved, if this energy was recovered and converted into useful mechanical or electrical power. This recovery appears very interesting, in particular for those engines that run at almost steady working conditions, like marine, agricultural, industrial or long-hauling vehicle applications. In this paper, an ORC-based power unit was tested on a heavy duty diesel engine. Energetic and exergetic analyses have been carried out in order to assess the real performances of the ORC unit and to individuate differences with the theoretical ones. A single stage impulse axial turbine has been tested in this work, complete with an electric variable speed generator and an AC/DC converter. The tests demonstrated that the energy conversion chain is not negligible at all and an overall net efficiency of the power unit was around 2-3 % with respect to a 10% of thermodynamic efficiency.

Performances of an ORC power unit for Waste Heat Recovery on Heavy Duty Engine

CIPOLLONE, Roberto;DI BATTISTA, DAVIDE
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Reciprocating internal combustion engines (ICE) are still the most used in the sector of the on-the-road transportation, both for passengers and freight. CO2 reduction is the actual technological driver, considering the worldwide greenhouse reduction targets committed by most governments. In ICE more than one third of the fuel energy used is rejected to the environment as thermal waste through the exhaust gases. Therefore, a greater fuel economy could be achieved, if this energy was recovered and converted into useful mechanical or electrical power. This recovery appears very interesting, in particular for those engines that run at almost steady working conditions, like marine, agricultural, industrial or long-hauling vehicle applications. In this paper, an ORC-based power unit was tested on a heavy duty diesel engine. Energetic and exergetic analyses have been carried out in order to assess the real performances of the ORC unit and to individuate differences with the theoretical ones. A single stage impulse axial turbine has been tested in this work, complete with an electric variable speed generator and an AC/DC converter. The tests demonstrated that the energy conversion chain is not negligible at all and an overall net efficiency of the power unit was around 2-3 % with respect to a 10% of thermodynamic efficiency.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/117589
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