Pneumatic soft actuators produce flexion and meet the new needs of collaborative robotics, which is rapidly emerging in the industry landscape 4.0. The soft actuators are not only aimed at industrial progress, but their application ranges in the field of medicine and rehabilitation. Safety and reliability are the main requirements for coexistence and human-robot interaction; such requirements, together with the versatility and lightness, are the precious advantages that is offered by this new category of actuators. The objective is to develop an actuator with high compliance, low cost, high versatility and easy to produce, aimed at the realization of the fingers of a robotic hand that can faithfully reproduce the motion of a real hand. The proposed actuator is equipped with an intrinsic compliance thanks to the hyper-elastic silicone rubber used for its realization; the bending is allowed by the high compliance of the silicone and by a square-meshed gauze which contains the expansion and guides the movement through appropriate cuts in correspondence of the joints. A numerical model of the actuator is developed and an optimal configuration of the five fingers of the hand is achieved; finally, the index finger is built, on which the experimental validation tests are carried out.

Development of a pneumatic soft actuator as a hand finger for a collaborative robot

Antonelli, Michele Gabrio
;
D'Ambrogio, Walter;Durante, Francesco
2018-01-01

Abstract

Pneumatic soft actuators produce flexion and meet the new needs of collaborative robotics, which is rapidly emerging in the industry landscape 4.0. The soft actuators are not only aimed at industrial progress, but their application ranges in the field of medicine and rehabilitation. Safety and reliability are the main requirements for coexistence and human-robot interaction; such requirements, together with the versatility and lightness, are the precious advantages that is offered by this new category of actuators. The objective is to develop an actuator with high compliance, low cost, high versatility and easy to produce, aimed at the realization of the fingers of a robotic hand that can faithfully reproduce the motion of a real hand. The proposed actuator is equipped with an intrinsic compliance thanks to the hyper-elastic silicone rubber used for its realization; the bending is allowed by the high compliance of the silicone and by a square-meshed gauze which contains the expansion and guides the movement through appropriate cuts in correspondence of the joints. A numerical model of the actuator is developed and an optimal configuration of the five fingers of the hand is achieved; finally, the index finger is built, on which the experimental validation tests are carried out.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/125489
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