A novel suicide gene therapy approach was tested in U87 MG glioblastoma multiforme cells. A 26nt G-rich double-stranded DNA aptamer (AS1411) was integrated into a vector at the 5′ of a mammalian codon-optimized saporin gene, under CMV promoter. With this plasmid termed “APTSAP”, the gene encoding ribosome-inactivating protein saporin is driven intracellularly by the glioma-specific aptamer that binds to cell surface-exposed nucleolin and efficiently kills target cells, more effectively as a polyethyleneimine (PEI)-polyplex. Cells that do not expose nucleolin at the cell surface such as 3T3 cells, used as a control, remain unaffected. Suicide gene-induced cell killing was not observed when the inactive saporin mutant SAPKQ DNA was used in the (PEI)-polyplex, indicating that saporin catalytic activity mediates the cytotoxic effect. Rather than apoptosis, cell death has features resembling autophagic or methuosis-like mechanisms. These main findings support the proof-of-concept of using PEI-polyplexed APTSAP for local delivery in rat glioblastoma models.

APTAMER-DRIVEN TOXIN GENE DELIVERY IN U87 MODEL GLIOBLASTOMA CELLS

di Leandro, Luana
;
Giansanti, Francesco;Mei, Sabrina;Ponziani, Sara;Colasante, Martina;Ardini, Matteo;AngeluccI, Francesco;Pitari, Giuseppina;d’Angelo, Michele;Cimini, Annamaria;Ippoliti, Rodolfo
2021

Abstract

A novel suicide gene therapy approach was tested in U87 MG glioblastoma multiforme cells. A 26nt G-rich double-stranded DNA aptamer (AS1411) was integrated into a vector at the 5′ of a mammalian codon-optimized saporin gene, under CMV promoter. With this plasmid termed “APTSAP”, the gene encoding ribosome-inactivating protein saporin is driven intracellularly by the glioma-specific aptamer that binds to cell surface-exposed nucleolin and efficiently kills target cells, more effectively as a polyethyleneimine (PEI)-polyplex. Cells that do not expose nucleolin at the cell surface such as 3T3 cells, used as a control, remain unaffected. Suicide gene-induced cell killing was not observed when the inactive saporin mutant SAPKQ DNA was used in the (PEI)-polyplex, indicating that saporin catalytic activity mediates the cytotoxic effect. Rather than apoptosis, cell death has features resembling autophagic or methuosis-like mechanisms. These main findings support the proof-of-concept of using PEI-polyplexed APTSAP for local delivery in rat glioblastoma models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11697/165292
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